home       inleiding       sysadmin       services       links       bash       werk       nothing      

Installatie Mint18 - MATE-desktop in virtualbox


  1. Download ISO file
     
    Ga naar de website van LinuxMint, zoek de downloads en selecteer de 64-bit MATE versie
    https://linuxmint.com/download.php
     
    download-linux-mint

    Selecteer vervolgens een SERVER, bijvoorbeeld Germany: NetCologne GmbH, om de download te starten ...
     

  2. Verifieer de ISO
     
    https://linuxmint.com/verify.php
     
  3. Download VirtualBox
     
    Download virtualBOX van de oracle website:
    https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads
    Download eveneens het extension PACK (all supported platforms)
     
  4. Installeer virtualbox
     
    Volg de wizard ...
     
  5. installeer vBOX extension PACK
     
    vbox-extension
    vbox-extension-2

     

  6. OPTION: Disable Hyper-V in MS-windows
     
    Indien je slechts 32-bit LINUX kan installeren (in create MACHINE in virtualbox (and run it)) , check de HYPER-V settings in windows:
     
    poweron-hyper-v

     

  7. OPTION: Enable virtualization technology in system BIOS
     
    Als het volgende punt (create MACHINE in virtualbox (and run it)) echt niet werkt, kijk dan even na of virtualization technology ENABLED staat in je BIOS:
     
    bios-virtualization

     

  8. Create MACHINE in virtualBOX
     
    Volg de wizard ... als volgt:
    create-vbx-lnx-mnt-01
    create-vbx-lnx-mnt-02

     
    Klik daarna op de General settings ...
      ... en voeg een description toe (zo weet je later wat je wel en niet kan verwijderen)

    create-vbx-lnx-mnt-03

     
    We gaan verder naar de System settings, verwijderen de floppy en verifiëren de virtualizatie ...
      

    vbox-create-04

    vbox-create-05
    vbox-create-06

     
    In de Display settings kunnen we wat meer video-memory toekennen en eventueel 3D graphics ...

    vbox-create-07

     
    Tenslotte in de Storage settings moeten we het net gedownloade ISObestand nog selecteren als CDROM ...

    vbox-create-08

      

  9. Installatie Linux Mint
     
    Selecteer de correcte virtuele machine in virtualbox en klik op START
    Heb geduld tot je een grafische omgeving ziet verschijnen ...
     
    mint18-live-mate

     
    Dubbelklik het pictogram "INSTALL LINUX MINT" om te installeren ....
     
    Denk even na of je proprietary drivers nodig hebt, in vBOX is dit niet nodig ...

    install-mint18-01

     
    Selecteer vervolgens in deze vBOX machine,
    "Erase Disk ..." en volg de wizard ....
    ... bij een normale install, bvb op je laptop, maak je best eerst een backup van het bestaande systeem, en selecteer je best een andere optie. Je zou bijvoorbeeld zou kunnen maken via de Live-CD van Mint-18 met de utility "GParted".

    install-mint18-02

     

  10. Herstart je systeem en verwijder de live-CD (in virtualbox)
     
  11. Login
     
  12. updates
     
    open een terminal en tik de volgende twee commando's:
     
    $ sudo apt-get update
    $ sudo apt-get upgrade
     
    voorbeeld hieronder ... uw output is zeer waarschijnlijk verschillend
     
    bert@lap2012:~$ sudo apt-get update
    [sudo] password for bert: 
     
    Ign http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty InRelease
    Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty-updates InRelease [65,9 kB]             
    Get:2 http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security InRelease [65,9 kB]           
    Ign http://dl.google.com stable InRelease                                      
    Ign http://archive.canonical.com trusty InRelease                              
    Hit http://archive.canonical.com trusty Release.gpg                            
    Hit http://dl.google.com stable Release.gpg                                    
    Hit http://dl.google.com stable Release                                        
    Hit http://archive.canonical.com trusty Release                                
    Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty Release.gpg                               
    Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty Release          
    ...
    Ign http://packages.linuxmint.com rosa/import Translation-en_US                
    Ign http://packages.linuxmint.com rosa/import Translation-en
    Ign http://packages.linuxmint.com rosa/main Translation-en_US
    Ign http://packages.linuxmint.com rosa/main Translation-en
    Ign http://packages.linuxmint.com rosa/upstream Translation-en_US
    Ign http://packages.linuxmint.com rosa/upstream Translation-en
    Fetched 4.424 kB in 5s (741 kB/s)
    Reading package lists... Done

     

    bert@lap2012:~$ sudo apt-get upgrade
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree       
    Reading state information... Done
    Calculating upgrade... Done
    The following packages have been kept back:
    mintsystem update-notifier-common
    The following packages will be upgraded:
    accountsservice apache2 apache2-bin apache2-data apt apt-transport-https
    apt-utils atril atril-common avahi-autoipd avahi-daemon avahi-utils
    base-files bash-completion bind9 bind9-host bind9utils binutils bsdutils
    ca-certificates caja caja-common compiz compiz-core compiz-gnome
    ...
    482 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 2 not upgraded.
    Need to get 454 MB of archives.
    After this operation, 36,1 MB of additional disk space will be used.
    Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y
    ...
    Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main base-files amd64 7.2ubuntu5.5 [67,5 kB]
    Get:2 http://dl.google.com/linux/earth/deb/ stable/main google-earth-stable amd64 7.1.8.3036-r0 [45,3 MB]
    Get:3 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main coreutils amd64 8.21-1ubuntu5.4 [1.091 kB]
    Get:4 http://packages.linuxmint.com/ rosa/import caja amd64 1.12.7-1+rosa [823 kB]
    ...
    Fetched 454 MB in 56s (8.035 kB/s)                                             
    Extracting templates from packages: 100%
    Preconfiguring packages ...
    (Reading database ... 284056 files and directories currently installed.)
    Preparing to unpack .../base-files_7.2ubuntu5.5_amd64.deb ...
    Unpacking base-files (7.2ubuntu5.5) over (7.2ubuntu5.3) ...
    Processing triggers for mintsystem (8.1.6) ...
    ...
    Installing new version of config file /etc/ImageMagick/policy.xml ...
    Setting up libnettle4:amd64 (2.7.1-1ubuntu0.2) ...
    Setting up libarchive13:amd64 (3.1.2-7ubuntu2.4) ...
    Setting up libaudiofile1:i386 (0.3.6-2ubuntu0.14.04.2) ...
    Setting up libavahi-core7:amd64 (0.6.31-4ubuntu1.1) ...
    Setting up libavahi-glib1:amd64 (0.6.31-4ubuntu1.1) ...
    Setting up libavutil52:amd64 (6:9.20-0ubuntu0.14.04.1) ...
    Setting up libavcodec54:amd64 (6:9.20-0ubuntu0.14.04.1) ...
    Setting up libavformat54:amd64 (6:9.20-0ubuntu0.14.04.1) ...
    ...
    Setting up munin-common (2.0.19-3ubuntu0.3) ...
    Setting up munin-plugins-core (2.0.19-3ubuntu0.3) ...
    Setting up munin-node (2.0.19-3ubuntu0.3) ...
    Initializing new plugins..done.
    Restarting munin-node..munin-node start/running, process 22809
    Setting up php5 (5.5.9+dfsg-1ubuntu4.21) ...
    Setting up ssh (1:6.6p1-2ubuntu2.8) ...
    Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.19-0ubuntu6.11) ...
    Processing triggers for initramfs-tools (0.103ubuntu4.7) ...
    update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.19.0-32-generic
    Warning: No support for locale: en_US.utf8
    Processing triggers for ca-certificates (20160104ubuntu0.14.04.1) ...
    Updating certificates in /etc/ssl/certs... 19 added, 19 removed; done.
    Running hooks in /etc/ca-certificates/update.d....
    Adding debian:CA_WoSign_ECC_Root.pem
    Adding debian:Certification_Authority_of_WoSign_G2.pem
    Adding debian:Certinomis_-_Root_CA.pem
    Adding debian:CFCA_EV_ROOT.pem
    Adding debian:COMODO_RSA_Certification_Authority.pem
    Adding debian:Entrust_Root_Certification_Authority_-_EC1.pem
    Adding debian:Entrust_Root_Certification_Authority_-_G2.pem
    Adding debian:GlobalSign_ECC_Root_CA_-_R4.pem
    Adding debian:GlobalSign_ECC_Root_CA_-_R5.pem
    Adding debian:IdenTrust_Commercial_Root_CA_1.pem
    Adding debian:IdenTrust_Public_Sector_Root_CA_1.pem
    Adding debian:OISTE_WISeKey_Global_Root_GB_CA.pem
    Adding debian:Staat_der_Nederlanden_EV_Root_CA.pem
    Adding debian:Staat_der_Nederlanden_Root_CA_-_G3.pem
    Adding debian:S-TRUST_Universal_Root_CA.pem
    Adding debian:TÜRKTRUST_Elektronik_Sertifika_Hizmet_Sağlayıcısı_H5.pem
    Adding debian:TÜRKTRUST_Elektronik_Sertifika_Hizmet_Sağlayıcısı_H6.pem
    Adding debian:USERTrust_ECC_Certification_Authority.pem
    Adding debian:USERTrust_RSA_Certification_Authority.pem
    Removing debian:A-Trust-nQual-03.pem
    Removing debian:America_Online_Root_Certification_Authority_1.pem
    Removing debian:America_Online_Root_Certification_Authority_2.pem
    Removing debian:Buypass_Class_3_CA_1.pem
    Removing debian:ComSign_Secured_CA.pem
    Removing debian:Digital_Signature_Trust_Co._Global_CA_1.pem
    Removing debian:Digital_Signature_Trust_Co._Global_CA_3.pem
    Removing debian:E-Guven_Kok_Elektronik_Sertifika_Hizmet_Saglayicisi.pem
    Removing debian:GTE_CyberTrust_Global_Root.pem
    Removing debian:SG_TRUST_SERVICES_RACINE.pem
    Removing debian:TC_TrustCenter_Class_2_CA_II.pem
    Removing debian:TC_TrustCenter_Universal_CA_I.pem
    Removing debian:TURKTRUST_Certificate_Services_Provider_Root_1.pem
    Removing debian:TURKTRUST_Certificate_Services_Provider_Root_2.pem
    Removing debian:Thawte_Premium_Server_CA.pem
    Removing debian:Thawte_Server_CA.pem
    Removing debian:UTN_DATACorp_SGC_Root_CA.pem
    Removing debian:Verisign_Class_4_Public_Primary_Certification_Authority_-_G3.pem
    Removing debian:spi-cacert-2008.pem
    done.
    done.
    Processing triggers for mintsystem (8.1.6) ...